Oil shale estonia

Download this stock image: Pregnant woman looking out over oil shale mines in Kivioli Ida-Viru county Estonia - AKKKY7 from Alamy's library of millions of high  Oil shale (Estonian: põlevkivi) is a strategic energy resource that constitutes about 4% of Estonia's gross domestic product. The oil shale industry in Estonia is one of the most developed in the world. In 2012, the country's oil shale industry employed 6,500 people – about 1% of the national workforce.

Very high unemployment has ruled in the area for a long time which exceeds the Estonian average two or three times. In this context, the oil shale industry has a  Estonia, uniquely in the world, has used oil shale to produce electricity, heat, gas and oil for a full century. The nation is living proof that the oil shale industry can  9 Dec 2019 Estonia's most well-known modern green electricity producer is the Auvere Power Plant. Photo credit: Eesti Energia. Utilization of fossil fuels,  Enefit has operated two Enefit140 production units in Auvere, Estonia for decades. An Enefit280 plant utilizing Enefit technology was added to the shale oil plant  Over 90% of the Estonian basic power supply is covered by oil shale-fired thermal power plants. Every year about 11 million tons of oil shale (ash 4 Oct 2019 Estonia is on the brink of a major energy transition that will involve a substantial change in the role of domestically produced oil shale in its  The Estonian oil shale deposit accounts for just 17% of all deposits in the EU, but Estonia generates over 90% of its power from oil shale, and the oil shale energy  

9 Dec 2019 Estonia's most well-known modern green electricity producer is the Auvere Power Plant. Photo credit: Eesti Energia. Utilization of fossil fuels, 

Oil shale in Estonia is an important resource for the national economy. Estonia's oil shale deposits account for just 17% of total deposits in the European Union but the country generates 90% of its power from this source. Giving up oil shale would cost Estonia up to €1 billion per year and 13,000 jobs in Ida-Viru County as well as lead to higher electricity prices. Some 1,000 Estonians have signed a petition to support the country's exit from oil shale energy, dubbed PÕKSIT (after põlevkivi, the Estonian word for oil shale), which would cut the production of greenhouse gas emissions in Estonia by approximately 90%. Oil shale became the main energy source for Estonia and North-West part of Soviet Union, and its use in power stations and for processing of oil rise rapidly. Oil shale mining production reached its maximum level of 31.35 Mtons per year in 1980. Over 90 per cent of Estonia’s CO 2 emissions come from burning oil shale for electricity, and oil shale contributes significantly to other pollution and waste levels in the country. The high concentrations of pollutants create health problems for local people: children living in the oil shale area have more respiratory diseases and are projected to live four years less on average. The oil derived from oil shale is, in essence, synthetic crude oil, and in order to extract it, the oil shale has to be subjected to heat. Estonia produces some of the largest quantities of shale oil in the world. Other countries that produce shale oil on an industrial scale include Brazil and China. According to the World Energy Council, in 2008 the total production of shale oil from oil shale was 930,000 tonnes, equal to 17,700 barrels per day (2,810 m 3 /d), of which China produced 375,000 tonnes, Estonia 355,000 tonnes, and Brazil 200,000 tonnes. Commercial grades of oil shale, as determined by their yield of shale oil, ranges from about 100 to 200 liters per metric ton (l/t) of rock. The U.S. Geological Survey has used a lower limit of about 40 l/t for classification of Federal oil-shale lands. Others have suggested a limit as low as 25 l/t.

Oil shale is a sedimentary rock containing solid and combustible organic matter (kerogen). Oil shale can be burned as any other fossil fuel or it can be heated without oxygen to extract shale oil. Oil shale (variery Kukersite) from Estonia is very rich in fossils (bryozoans, trilobites, brachiopods).

Estonia, uniquely in the world, has used oil shale to produce electricity, heat, gas and oil for a full century. The nation is living proof that the oil shale industry can 

Oil shale is a sedimentary rock containing solid and combustible organic matter (kerogen). Oil shale can be burned as any other fossil fuel or it can be heated without oxygen to extract shale oil. Oil shale (variery Kukersite) from Estonia is very rich in fossils (bryozoans, trilobites, brachiopods).

3 Sep 2018 Estonia's dirty oil shale industry keeps carrying on. The only way it can be reformed if a "just transition" can be worked out for oil shale workers. The oil derived from oil shale is, in essence, synthetic crude oil, and in order to extract it, the oil shale has to be subjected to heat. Estonia produces some of the   Either underground or opencast methods are used to mine oil shale. The big part of Estonian geological oil shale resources are found in deeper layers than  Oil Shale is Estonia's prime mineral resource. Oil shale is deposited in a single economic layer with thickness of 2,5 to 3 meters in depth of 7 to 100 meters in area  ESTONIAN OIL SHALE – RESOURCES AND USAGE. M. VEIDERMA*. Estonian Academy of Sciences. 6 Kohtu St., Tallinn 10130, Estonia. The reserves of oil  Water resources of Northeast Estonia and impact of oil shale industry.. 60. 3.4.1 . Hydrogeological setting and natural water budget of the regional water. 80% of oil shale used globally is extracted in Estonia, mainly due to the Oil-shale- fired Narva power plants. The largest Estonian producer of electricity and heat 

An average of 20 million tonnes of oil shale is mined in Estonia every year, of which Eesti Energia mines up to 15.01 million tonnes. Eesti Energia operates two mines: the Narva opencast mine and the Estonia underground mine.

22 Sep 2016 Oil shale is an energy resource that constitutes about 4% of Estonia's gross domestic product. The oil shale industry in Estonia is one of the 

3 Sep 2018 Estonia's dirty oil shale industry keeps carrying on. The only way it can be reformed if a "just transition" can be worked out for oil shale workers. The oil derived from oil shale is, in essence, synthetic crude oil, and in order to extract it, the oil shale has to be subjected to heat. Estonia produces some of the   Either underground or opencast methods are used to mine oil shale. The big part of Estonian geological oil shale resources are found in deeper layers than  Oil Shale is Estonia's prime mineral resource. Oil shale is deposited in a single economic layer with thickness of 2,5 to 3 meters in depth of 7 to 100 meters in area  ESTONIAN OIL SHALE – RESOURCES AND USAGE. M. VEIDERMA*. Estonian Academy of Sciences. 6 Kohtu St., Tallinn 10130, Estonia. The reserves of oil  Water resources of Northeast Estonia and impact of oil shale industry.. 60. 3.4.1 . Hydrogeological setting and natural water budget of the regional water. 80% of oil shale used globally is extracted in Estonia, mainly due to the Oil-shale- fired Narva power plants. The largest Estonian producer of electricity and heat